Rhamnolipids as a great weapon against Aedes aegypti resistance
Published: 03-24-2021 In Publication
Rhamnolipids on Aedes aegypti larvae: a potential weapon against resistance selection
The resistance of Aedes aegypti to chemical insecticides has been reported and our work proposes the use of biosurfactants as an alternative larvicide. We evaluated the effect of rhamnolipids against larvae of pyrethroid-resistant and susceptible A. aegypti strains. Time-mortality and sublethal effects were evaluated via survival analysis and swimming behavior, respectively. Rhamnolipids showed larvicidal effect at all tested concentrations. Rhamnolipids at 300 mg L−1 killed 100% of both susceptible and resistant larvae within 24 h of exposure and 99% after 30-days stored (pyrethroid-susceptible larvae). Regarding the sublethal effects, the swimming rate was reduced in 50 and 100 mg L−1 of rhamnolipids in grouped (pyrethroid-susceptible) larvae. Rhamnolipids at 50 mg L−1 reduced the distance and speed and increased the number of stops and resting time of individualized pyrethroid-susceptible larvae. The larvicidal effect of the rhamnolipids evaluated demonstrates that these compounds represent an alternative to control A. aegypti.